YORUBA HAND CARVED WOODEN STATUE:
CIRCA LATE 19TH CENTURY - EARLY 20TH CENTURY
HAND CARVED WOODEN STATUE
CIRCA LATE 19TH CENTURY - EARLY 20TH CENTURY
25 X 7 X 7 INCHES
ANTIQUE AUTHENTIC “YORUBA” OLD AFRICAN STATUE THAT SHOWS WEAR AND SIGNS OF TRIBAL USE; CIRCA LATE 19TH CENTURY! THIS RARE AND UNUSUAL ORIGINAL PIECE FEATURES A TEXTILE NECKLACE WITH TWO ANIMAL SKULL PENDENTS, TEXTILE WRAPPED ANKLET, AND SILVER ANKLE BRACELET, DOUBLE ENTWINED SNAKE CARVING WITH ARROW ON THE BACK AND CHILDREN HUGGING THE STANDING FEMALE FIGURE ON THE FRONT. EXPERTS SUGGEST IT IS A SHRINE FIGURE FROM THE “MAMI WADDA CULT.” THIS REMARKABLE HAND CARVED STATUE DATES TO THE LATE 1800’S, HAS A DARK RICH ORIGINAL PATINA AND MEASURES 25 INCHES TALL X 7 INCHES WIDE X 7 INCHES DEEP. VERY FINE TRIBAL CARVING IN NEAR PERFECT ORIGINAL ANTIQUE TRIBAL USED CONDITION. THERE IS AN OLD YELLOWING TAG HANGING FROM THE LEFT LEG THAT READS; “DEROCHE GALLERY” ON ONE SIDE, AND ON THE OTHER SIDE THAT TAG READS; “YORUBA MATERNITY SHRINE FIGURE”
DAVID HOWARD’S VISUAL STUDIES
AFRICAN ART COLLECTION #144.
|As of the 7th
century BCE the African peoples who lived in Yorubaland were not
initially known as the Yoruba, although they shared a common ethnicity
and language group. By the 8th century, a powerful Yoruba kingdom
already existed in Ile-Ife, one of the earliest in Africa.
The historical Yoruba develop in situ, out of earlier Mesolithic Volta-Niger populations, by the 1st millennium BCE. Oral history recorded under the Oyo Empire derives the Yoruba as an ethnic group from the population of the older kingdom of Ile-Ife. The Yoruba were the dominant cultural force in southern Nigeria as far back as the 11th century.
The Yoruba are among the most urbanized people in Africa. For centuries before the arrival of the British colonial administration most Yoruba already lived in well structured urban centres organized around powerful city-states (Ìlú) centred around the residence of the Oba. In ancient times, most of these cities were fortresses, with high walls and gates. Yoruba cities have always been among the most populous in Africa. Archaeological findings indicate that Òyó-Ilé or Katunga, capital of the Yoruba empire of Oyo (fl. between the 11th and 19th centuries CE), had a population of over 100,000 people (the largest single population of any African settlement at that time in history). For a long time also, Ibadan, one of the major Yoruba cities, was the largest city in the whole of Sub Saharan Africa. Today, Lagos (Yoruba: Èkó), another major Yoruba city, with a population of over twenty million, remains the largest on the African continent.
Archaeologically, the settlement of Ile-Ife showed features of urbanism in the 12th–14th century era. In the period around 1300 CE the artists at Ile-Ife developed a refined and naturalistic sculptural tradition in terracotta, stone and copper alloy - copper, brass, and bronze many of which appear to have been created under the patronage of King Obalufon II, the man who today is identified as the Yoruba patron deity of brass casting, weaving and regalia. The dynasty of kings at Ile-Ife, which is regarded by the Yoruba as the place of origin of human civilization, remains intact to this day. The urban phase of Ile-Ife before the rise of Oyo, c. 1100–1600, a significant peak of political centralization in the 12th century is commonly described as a "golden age" of Ile-Ife. The oba or ruler of Ile-Ife is referred to as the Ooni of Ife.
Oral history of the Oyo-Yoruba recounts Odùduwà to be the Progenitor of the Yoruba and the reigning ancestor of their crowned kings.
His coming from the east, sometimes understood from Ife traditions to be Oke-Ora and by other sources as the "vicinity" true East on the Cardinal points, but more likely signifying the region of Ekiti and Okun sub-communities in northeastern Yorubaland/central Nigeria. Ekiti is near the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers, and is where the Yoruba language is presumed to have separated from related ethno-linguistic groups like Igala, Igbo, and Edo.
After the death of Oduduwa, there was a dispersal of his children from Ife to found other kingdoms. Each child made his or her mark in the subsequent urbanization and consolidation of the Yoruba confederacy of kingdoms, with each kingdom tracing its origin due to them to Ile-Ife.
After the dispersal, the aborigines became difficult, and constituted a serious threat to the survival of Ife. Thought to be survivors of the old occupants of the land before the arrival of Oduduwa, these people now turned themselves into marauders. They would come to town in costumes made of raffia with terrible and fearsome appearances, and burn down houses and loot the markets. Then came Moremi on the scene; she was said to have played a significant role in the quelling of the marauders advancements. But this was at a great price; having to give up her only son Oluorogbo. The reward for her patriotism and selflessness was not to be reaped in one lifetime as she later passed on and was thereafter immortalized. The Edi festival celebrates this feat amongst her Yoruba
Yoruba culture consists of folk/cultural philosophy, religion and folktales. They are embodied in Ifa-Ife Divination, known as the tripartite Book of Enlightenment in Yorubaland and in its diaspora.
Yoruba cultural thought is a witness of two epochs. The first epoch is a history of cosmogony and cosmology. This is also an epoch-making history in the oral culture during which time Oduduwa was the king, the Bringer of Light, pioneer of Yoruba folk philosophy, and a prominent diviner. He pondered the visible and invisible worlds, reminiscing about cosmogony, cosmology, and the mythological creatures in the visible and invisible worlds. His time favored the artist-philosophers who produced magnificent naturalistic artworks of civilization during and pre-dynastic Yorubaland.The second epoch is the epoch of metaphysical discourse, and the birth of modern artist-philosophy. This commenced in the 19th century in terms of the academic prowess of Bishop Dr. Ajayi Crowther (1807–1891.) Although religion is often first in Yoruba culture, nonetheless, it is the philosophy, the thought of man that actually leads spiritual consciousness (ori) to the creation and the practice of religion. Thus, it is believed that thought (philosophy) is an antecedent to religion. Values such as respect, peaceful co-existence, loyalty and freedom of speech are both upheld and highly valued in Yoruba culture. Societies which are considered secret societies often strictly guard and encourage the observance of moral values. Today, the academic and nonacademic communities are becoming more interested in Yoruba culture. More research is being carried out on Yoruba cultural thought as more books are being written on the subject.
Asian tribal art, artifacts, ifugao, kalinga, bontoc,
asmat, dayak, philippines, asia, head hunters, human trophy skull,
skulls, african, antiques, naga, necklace, headdress, head hunting
trophy skull, Indonesia, Indonesian, SOUTHEAST ASIA, Borneo, Sarawak,
ANTIQUES, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, ART, Sumatra, Timor, ARTIFACTS, Bali,
Java, INDIA, Flores, Sumba, NEPAL, Savu, Roti, BABAS, Lombok, Malaysia.
HOLY MEN, Nusa Tengara, New Guinea, SHAMAN, Irian Jaya, Moluccas,
CONTEMPORARY ART, Tanimbar, Leti, OLD, Lembata, Alor, MINILA,
Philippines, Luzon, PALAWAN, Mindanao, Sulu, BLOW GUN, Southeast Asia,
Asia, NOSE RING, Asian, Burma, HAT, Myanmar,
India, SWORD, Nagaland, Nepal, KNIFE, Tibet, Himalaya, MOUNTAIN,
Himalayan, Assam, TRIBES, Thailand, Vietnam, YAO, Yunnan, Hainan,
China, Central Asia, ZAO, Dayak, Batak, BAG, Toraja, Naga, POLE,
Chin, Li, QUIVER, Miao, Bahau, MASK, Punan, Penan, MODELED SKULL,
Modang, Kayan, BRASS COIL, Kenyah, Ngaju, COILS, Kontu, Kantu, TEXTILE,
Iban, Maloh, PRIEST, Tunjung, Busang, RITUAL, Aoheng, Dong Son,
Konyak, Tangkhul, MYSTIC, Ao, Angami, PRIMITIVE, Sema, Wancho,
HAND MADE, Bontoc, B'laan, ARTIST, Bagabo, Gaddang, BULUL, Ifugao.
Sculpture, BULULS, statue, mask, BOX, beadwork, bead, AUTHENTIC,
weaving, TRIBAL, costume, hat, WOODEN, shield, spear, WOOD, helmet,
sword, BOAR, charm, fetish, FEATHERS, drum, basket, FEATHER, basketry,
jewelry, SILVER, ornament, weapon, ASMAT Canoe, amulet, decoration,
SCULPTURAL, architecture, architectural, SCULPTURE, longhouse,
headhunter, SKULL, headhunting, shaman, TRIBAL, festival, ceremony,
ceremonial, SHAMAN ritual, tattoo, HEAD HUNTER Skull, dragon, hornbill,
HEADDRES, art, tribal, VIETNAM, tribe, culture, TRIBES, cultural, myth,
TRIBAL, artifact, artefact, REAL, wood, stone, HAND WOVEN, cotton,
bronze, brass, cloth, ISLAND, tropics, tropical, EQUATOR, ethnographic,
EQUATORIAL, Tribal Art, Primitive Art, Ethnographic Art, Oceanic
Art, Folk Art, Ethnic Cultures, AUTHENTIC Artifacts, Textiles, ANCIENT,
Costumes, Sculpture, SCULPTURES, Masks, Beadwork, BEADS, Fetishes,
Charms, GOLD Jewelry, Baskets, BAMBOO, Weapons, Shields, ORNATE,
Borneo, PUPPETS, Sumatra, Sulawese, SHADOW PUPPET, Java, Bali, CAVE,
Timor, Flores, ISLAND, Sumba. Lombok, VILLAGE, Molucca, Philippines,
TERRACE, Luzon, Mindanao, DAVID HOWARD PHOTOGRAPHY, Nepal, Burma,
SACRED JOURNEY: THE GANGES TO THE HIMALAYAS, Thailand, THE LAST
HEAD HUNTERS, Laos, Vietnam, TEN SOUTHEAST ASIAN TRIBES FROM FIVE
India, Central Asia, NECKLACES, Southeast Asia, Dayak, STATUE, lban,
Kayan, INK STAMP, Kenyah, Modang, FEATHERED, Bahau, Ngaju, HORSE,
Toraja, NAGALAND, Naga, Dong Song. TRIBAL ART, AUTHENTIC PRIMITIVE ART,
OLD ETHNOGRAPHIC ART, RARE OCEANIC ART, BEAUTIFUL FOLK ART, ETHNIC
CULTURES, TRIBAL ARTIFACTS, TEXTILES, ASIAN, COSTUMES, SCULPTURE,
WOOD MASKS, BEADWORK, CHARMS, FETISHES, SIVER JEWELRY BOXES, BASKETS,
WEAPONS, FILIPINO SHIELDS, INDONESIA, BORNEO, ETHNOGRAPHIC, SUMATRA,
SULAWESE, TRIBAL, JAVA, BALI, TRIBES, TIMOR, FLORES, ASIAN, SUMBA.
LOMBOK, TRIBES, MOLUCCA, PHILIPPINES, TRIBAL, LUZON, ASIAN, MINDANAO,
NEPAL, ASIA, BURMA, THAILAND, TRIBAL, LAOS, VIETNAM, TRIBES, INDIA,
CENTRAL TRIBAL ASIA, ARTIFACTS, SOUTHEAST ASIA, HEAD HUNTER, DAYAK,
ASIAN, IBAN, KAYAN, TRIBE, KENYAH, MODANG, TRIBAL, BAHAU, NGAJU, ASIAN,
BATAK, TORAJA, TRIBE, NAGA, tribal art, ASIAN, primitive art, ASIA,
ethnographic art, TRIBAL, oceanic art, ASIAN folk art, SOUTHEAST ASIA
cultures, artifacts, ASIAN, textiles, costumes, VILLAGE sculpture,
masks, TRIBAL beadwork, fetishes, TRIBES charms. jewelry, TRIBE,
weapons, TRIBAL, shields, indonesia, ASIAN, borneo. sumatra, TRIBAL
ART sulawese, java, HILL TRIBE, bali, timor, ASIAN, flores, sumba,
TRIBES, lombok, molucca, BULUL STATUES philippines, luzon, ISLAND ART,
mindanao, nepal, ASIA, burma, thailand, JOURNEY laos, vietnam,
TRIBAL, india, central asia, TRIBE, southeast asia, OLD ART, dayak.
lban, TRIBES, kayan, kenyah, ASIAN, modang, bahau, AUTHENTIC TRIBAL
ART, ngaju, batak, HEADDRESS, toraja, naga, MOUNTAIN PROVINCE,
dong song, KALINGA, Indonesia, Indonesian, IFUGAO, Borneo,
Sarawak, BONTOC, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, TRIBAL, Sumatra, Timor, ASIAN,
Bali, Java, OLD TRIBAL ART
David Howard, art, artist, photography,
print, prints, director, producer, exhibitions, exhibits, exhibit,
painting, paint, studio, studios, etching, silkscreens, silkscreen,
contemporary art, Pop Art, artist's story, journal, video, videos,
documentary, documentaries, books, book, asian, asia, Filipino,
Philippines, Sacred Journey, author, The Last Filipino Head Hunters,
collections, collectables, collectable, archives, archive, art, fine,
contemporary, video, dvd, documentary, Keith Haring, Nam June Paik,
Christo, Lowell Nesbitt, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Charles Arnoldi,
artists, studio visit, artist, program, sculpture, painting,
photography, prints, print,
photo, paintings, sculptures, keith haring, christo, david howard, nam
paik, artseen, videos tape, programs, documentaries, arts, world, san
new york, los angeles
ANDY WARHOL, JOSEPH ALBERS, ELLSWORTH KELLY, CLAES OLDENBURG, ROBERT MOTHERWELL, FRANK STELLA, JAMES ROSENQUIST, ROBERT RAUSCHENBURG, KEITH HARING, CHRISTO, ROBERT INDIANA, ROY LICHTENSTEIN, ROBERT MAPPLETHORPE, ALICE NEAL, ARTISTS, ART, ARTIST, PAINTING, SCULPTURE, PHOTOGRAPHY, SITE SPECIFIC, NAM JUNE PAIK, KENNY SCHARF, LOWELL NESBITT, LAWRENCE FERLINGHETTI, ARMAN ARMAN, CHARLES ARNOLDI, CHRIS BURDEN, ART STUDIOS, VIRTUAL REALITY, ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM, PRINT MAKING, ETCHING, PAINTING, HOLOGRAPHY, AFRICAN ART, WOODCARVING, MURAL. MURALS, COMPUTER ART, FIGURATIVE EXPRESSIONISM, IMPRESSIONISM, MULTI-MEDIA, MULTI MEDIA